Tooth decay is the destruction of tooth enamel. Enamel is the hard, protective layer of tooth tissue. Enamel protects the tooth from decay-causing sugars, acids, and bacteria. When these substances are able to break down the enamel, the decay process can begin. Tooth decay is caused by bacteria. If it is not treated, it can eventually reach the layer under the enamel, which is called the dentin. The dentin is softer and more sensitive than enamel, so tooth decay that reaches the dentin can cause a lot of pain.

What Causes Tooth Decay?

There are many causes of tooth decay. Bacteria in the mouth and foods and drinks that are high in sugar or acid are major contributors to tooth decay. Plaque is a sticky substance that contains bacteria. If you do not brush your teeth regularly, the bacteria in the mouth can attack the enamel and form cavities.

How To Prevent Tooth Decay?

As per the Dentist in Livermore, CA, the best way to prevent tooth decay is to maintain proper oral hygiene and follow these practices:

  • Brushing and flossing your teeth

Brushing and flossing your teeth will help prevent tooth decay. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing once will help remove food particles and plaque from your teeth.

Plaque is a sticky substance that builds up on your teeth. If it is not removed, it can eventually turn into tartar. Tartar is very hard to remove. It can only be removed by a professional dental cleaning. Plaque and tartar can both lead to tooth decay. So, never skip brushing and flossing your teeth.

  • Eating a healthy diet

One of the best ways to keep your teeth healthy and avoid tooth decay is to brush and floss regularly and to avoid certain foods and drinks.

Eating a healthy diet is one of the best ways to keep your teeth healthy. A healthy diet is good for your overall health, reducing your risk of heart disease, diabetes, and other conditions.

Munching on hard candies and drinking sugary sodas can feed the bacteria in your mouth that cause tooth decay. Limit the amount of candy and sugary drinks you consume.

  • Using fluoride rinses

Fluoride rinses can soften your teeth, reduce tooth sensitivity, and prevent tooth decay. Your dentist in Livermore, CA, may recommend that you use a fluoride rinse at home in addition to regular brushing and flossing.

  • Regular dental visits

Your dentist can help you to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. It is best to schedule a visit every six months so your dentist can examine your teeth, gums, and entire mouth, looking for any symptoms of decay or disease.

Your dentist will clean your teeth, removing any plaque or tartar that has built up since your last visit. By removing these substances, you can prevent decay from affecting your teeth. Your dentist will also examine your teeth, looking for signs of decay or gum disease. He or she may perform a dental x-ray to look for any signs of cavities or bone loss.

  • Dental sealants

Dental sealants are a great option for preventing tooth decay. They are a plastic resin material that is applied to the back molars. The back molars are the teeth that are most susceptible to cavities as they have deep grooves that can trap bacteria and food particles. Dental sealants create a smooth surface over the tooth, protecting it from decay.

Alta Vista Dental provides all the dental services with the expertise of experienced dentists. Call at 925-292-1459 and book your appointment with our dentist in Livermore, CA, to receive a complete oral checkup.


3183 Independence Dr, Livermore, CA 94551

Office Hours

MON 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

TUE Closed

WED - FRI 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

SAT - SUN Closed

Get in Touch

Email: ayspunde@lbl.gov

Phone: (925) 292-1459